Inaugural Address of George W. Bush;
January 20, 2001
President Clinton, distinguished guests and my fellow citizens:
The peaceful transfer of authority is rare in history, yet common
in our country. With a simple oath, we affirm old traditions and make
As I begin, I thank President Clinton for his service to our nation;
and I thank Vice President Gore for a contest conducted with spirit
and ended with grace.
I am honored and humbled to stand here, where so many of America's
leaders have come before me, and so many will follow.
We have a place, all of us, in a long story. A story we continue,
but whose end we will not see. It is the story of a new world that
became a friend and liberator of the old, a story of a slave-holding
society that became a servant of freedom, the story of a power that
went into the world to protect but not possess, to defend but not
to conquer. It is the American story. A story of flawed and fallible
people, united across the generations by grand and enduring ideals.
The grandest of these ideals is an unfolding American promise that
everyone belongs, that everyone deserves a chance, that no insignificant
person was ever born. Americans are called upon to enact this promise
in our lives and in our laws; and though our nation has sometimes
halted, and sometimes delayed, we must follow no other course.
Through much of the last century, America's faith in freedom and
democracy was a rock in a raging sea. Now it is a seed upon the wind,
taking root in many nations. Our democratic faith is more than the
creed of our country, it is the inborn hope of our humanity, an ideal
we carry but do not own, a trust we bear and pass along; and even
after nearly 225 years, we have a long way yet to travel.
While many of our citizens prosper, others doubt the promise, even
the justice, of our own country. The ambitions of some Americans are
limited by failing schools and hidden prejudice and the circumstances
of their birth; and sometimes our differences run so deep, it seems
we share a continent, but not a country. We do not accept this, and
we will not allow it. Our unity, our union, is the serious work of
leaders and citizens in every generation; and this is my solemn pledge,
"I will work to build a single nation of justice and opportunity."
I know this is in our reach because we are guided by a power larger
than ourselves who creates us equal in His image and we are confident
in principles that unite and lead us onward.
America has never been united by blood or birth or soil. We are bound
by ideals that move us beyond our backgrounds, lift us above our interests
and teach us what it means to be citizens. Every child must be taught
these principles. Every citizen must uphold them; and every immigrant,
by embracing these ideals, makes our country more, not less, American.
Today, we affirm a new commitment to live out our nation's promise
through civility, courage, compassion and character. America, at its
best, matches a commitment to principle with a concern for civility.
A civil society demands from each of us good will and respect, fair
dealing and forgiveness. Some seem to believe that our politics can
afford to be petty because, in a time of peace, the stakes of our
debates appear small. But the stakes for America are never small.
If our country does not lead the cause of freedom, it will not be
led. If we do not turn the hearts of children toward knowledge and
character, we will lose their gifts and undermine their idealism.
If we permit our economy to drift and decline, the vulnerable will
suffer most. We must live up to the calling we share. Civility is
not a tactic or a sentiment. It is the determined choice of trust
over cynicism, of community over chaos. This commitment, if we keep
it, is a way to shared accomplishment.
America, at its best, is also courageous. Our national courage has
been clear in times of depression and war, when defending common dangers
defined our common good. Now we must choose if the example of our
fathers and mothers will inspire us or condemn us. We must show courage
in a time of blessing by confronting problems instead of passing them
on to future generations.
Together, we will reclaim America's schools, before ignorance and
apathy claim more young lives; we will reform Social Security and
Medicare, sparing our children from struggles we have the power to
prevent; we will reduce taxes, to recover the momentum of our economy
and reward the effort and enterprise of working Americans; we will
build our defenses beyond challenge, lest weakness invite challenge;
and we will confront weapons of mass destruction, so that a new century
is spared new horrors.
The enemies of liberty and our country should make no mistake, America
remains engaged in the world by history and by choice, shaping a balance
of power that favors freedom. We will defend our allies and our interests;
we will show purpose without arrogance; we will meet aggression and
bad faith with resolve and strength; and to all nations, we will speak
for the values that gave our nation birth.
America, at its best, is compassionate. In the quiet of American
conscience, we know that deep, persistent poverty is unworthy of our
nation's promise. Whatever our views of its cause, we can agree that
children at risk are not at fault. Abandonment and abuse are not acts
of God, they are failures of love. The proliferation of prisons, however
necessary, is no substitute for hope and order in our souls. Where
there is suffering, there is duty. Americans in need are not strangers,
they are citizens, not problems, but priorities, and all of us are
diminished when any are hopeless. Government has great responsibilities
for public safety and public health, for civil rights and common schools.
Yet compassion is the work of a nation, not just a government. Some
needs and hurts are so deep they will only respond to a mentor's touch
or a pastor's prayer. Church and charity, synagogue and mosque lend
our communities their humanity, and they will have an honored place
in our plans and in our laws. Many in our country do not know the
pain of poverty, but we can listen to those who do. I can pledge our
nation to a goal, "When we see that wounded traveler on the road
to Jericho, we will not pass to the other side."
America, at its best, is a place where personal responsibility is
valued and expected. Encouraging responsibility is not a search for
scapegoats, it is a call to conscience. Though it requires sacrifice,
it brings a deeper fulfillment. We find the fullness of life not only
in options, but in commitments. We find that children and community
are the commitments that set us free. Our public interest depends
on private character, on civic duty and family bonds and basic fairness,
on uncounted, unhonored acts of decency which give direction to our
freedom. Sometimes in life we are called to do great things. But as
a saint of our times has said, every day we are called to do small
things with great love. The most important tasks of a democracy are
done by everyone. I will live and lead by these principles, "to
advance my convictions with civility, to pursue the public interest
with courage, to speak for greater justice and compassion, to call
for responsibility and try to live it as well." In all of these
ways, I will bring the values of our history to the care of our times.
What you do is as important as anything government does. I ask you
to seek a common good beyond your comfort; to defend needed reforms
against easy attacks; to serve your nation, beginning with your neighbor.
I ask you to be citizens. Citizens, not spectators; citizens, not
subjects; responsible citizens, building communities of service and
a nation of character.
Americans are generous and strong and decent, not because we believe
in ourselves, but because we hold beliefs beyond ourselves. When this
spirit of citizenship is missing, no government program can replace
it. When this spirit is present, no wrong can stand against it.
After the Declaration of Independence was signed, Virginia statesman
John Page wrote to Thomas Jefferson, "We know the race is not
to the swift nor the battle to the strong. Do you not think an angel
rides in the whirlwind and directs this storm?" Much time has
passed since Jefferson arrived for his inauguration. The years and
changes accumulate, but the themes of this day he would know, "our
nation's grand story of courage and its simple dream of dignity."
We are not this story's author, who fills time and eternity with
His purpose. Yet His purpose is achieved in our duty, and our duty
is fulfilled in service to one another. Never tiring, never yielding,
never finishing, we renew that purpose today; to make our country
more just and generous; to affirm the dignity of our lives and every
This work continues. This story goes on. And an angel still rides
in the whirlwind and directs this storm.
God bless you all, and God bless America.